Despite their population advantages, Russia and the U.S. are dwarfed by the Norwegians when it comes to success in the Winter Olympics.

Norway has 313 total medals and a record 107 golds in competition over the years.

It's a nation of 5 million people, about the same as the population of Alabama. Per capita, Norway has won one Winter Olympic medal for every 16,556 residents.

The United States, on the other hand, has one medal for every 1.2 million residents.